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Posted by priscilaraposo in Grammar Lifting.
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(by Ecleia Fernandes/ Barbie)


clip_image008Five Top Tips for Learning English

             as a Foreign or Second Language


While there are almost as many combinations of ways to learn English as there are English language learners, one thing is for sure. That is that no single method or combination of techniques or methods is “best” for everybody. With that said, I’d like to offer you these top five tips for learning English as a foreign or second language.

1. Immerse yourself in English whenever possible clip_image011

If you’re trying to learn English while still living in a non-English speaking country or foreign environment, you’re already a bit “handicapped”. You need to try to surround and immerse yourself in English as often and as much as possible through music, TV, radio, videos, friends and whatever else you can.

2. Talk with other English speakers


Where are the English-speakers where you live? Where might English-speaking ex-pats “hang out”? Where ever and whenever you can seek out English speakers and engage them in conversations. Loin clubs, organizations or attend meeting and social gatherings where English speakers congregate or might be found.

3. Practice in some way each and every day


However you can manage to do it, you absolutely MUST practice everyday. You can easily use a wide variety of methods to accomplish this. Watch a video or television program in English. Listen to music on the radio, talk shows or news in English too. You can chat with an English speaker, native or not. Read the news, sports results or celebrity gossip online in English. Slide into an English language chat room or forum of interest to you, in English, of course.

4. Develop a Taste for the Culture


It’s almost impossible to separate language from culture, so use it to deepen your knowledge, skills and understanding of the English language. Do you know how to play baseball? How about hockey or Cricket? Well then, how’s your knowledge of Lacrosse, American football or even basketball for that matter? Are you familiar with regional foods of the USA, Canada, the UK or Australia and New Zealand? Boning up on the culture will invariably get you to learn more English in context using content-based learning.

5. Don’t Emphasize Just One Skill


Contrary to what some schools, institutes and English language teachers advise, I don’t recommend “focusing on one particular” English language skill. When you practice speaking or reading aloud, your listening comprehension skills improve. If you listen and repeat a spoken discourse selection, your speech in English will also improve – sometimes dramatically in a relatively short time. Reading will improve writing skills and writing practice will aid your reading comprehension abilities.


Present Perfect Simple July 31, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Grammar Lifting.
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Form of Present Perfect Simple

  • He has spoken.
  • He has not spoken.
  • Has he spoken?

Use of Present Perfect Simple

Present Perfect Simple is used for actions that started in the past and stopped recently or are still going on. The focus is on the result.

  • Action that is still going on

Situation that is still the same as it was in the past. We want to emphasise that the situation has not changed.


Your advice has always been extremely helpful.
We have not yet received a remittance for the goods supplied to you.

  • Action that stopped recently

Action that has just been completed. We want to emphasise the result.


I have typed five letters.
I have just received your mail.

  • Action in the past that has an influence on the present

Action that was completed in the past, but has an influence on a present situation. Note that you must not give a certain time for the action in the past (if you want to use a time expression, you must use Simple Past).


I have lost Misses Wilde’s phone number.
We have agreed on the following points:

  • Action that so far has taken place never, once or several times

Action that happened / did not happen in the past. We want to emphasise how often the action has taken place so far.


I have never been to our New York subsidiary.
Misses Newton has already phoned three times to inquire about the delivery of her goods.

Signal Words of Present Perfect Simple


Now, let’s see if you got it!!!!! Try those exercises and then check your answers.


Exercise on Present Perfect Simple

Complete the sentences in Present Perfect Simple.

1. We are happy to inform you that we (establish) a new branch in Australia.

2. Bob Westley (sign / already) the contract.

3. We (acquire) a new customer.

4. Alice Wilson (agree) to organise the teams.

5. I (print out / just) the letter.

6. Our customers (be / always) satisfied with our services.

7. Unfortunately, you (react / not) to our reminder notice.

8. Hannah (send / not) out the quotation yet.

9. (receive / you) our order?

10. Which company (submit) the most favourable offer?





1. have established

2. has already signed

3. have acquired

4. has agreed

5. have just printed out

6. have always been

7. have not reacted

8. has not sent

9. Have you received

10. has submitted


Posted by universalstudies in Grammar Lifting.
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The following 5 mistakes are not among the 20 most common, but they receive strong negative responses when committed. In other words, we don’t make these mistakes very often, but when we do, we cause strong negative reactions. Once again, use this section as a self-test. If you don’t make these mistakes, forget them. If you do, take steps to get rid of them.

1. Objective Case Pronouns Used as Subjects

Bad Swing: Her guru and her agreed that we are what we think.

Direct Hit: Her guru and she agreed that we are what we think.

2. Double Negatives

Bad Swing: One hard lesson for many to learn is that worry won’t hardly change the future.

Direct Hit: One hard lesson for many to learn is that worry will hardly change the future.

3. Failure to Capitalize Proper Names

Bad Swing: roger von oech, the president of creative think, has conducted workshops on creativity for american express, apple computer, procter and gamble, and the Japanese management association.

Direct Hit: Roger von Oech, the president of Creative Think, has conducted workshops n creativity for American Express, Apple Computer, Procter and Gamble and the Japanese Management Association.

4. Faulty Parallelism

Bad Swing: A good manager requires the ability to lead, the capacity to learn, and delegating.

Direct Hit: A good manager requires the ability to lead, the capacity to learn, and the willingness to delegate.

5. Subjective-Case Pronouns Used as Objects

Bad Swing: The senator’s use of double negatives surprised my students and I.

Direct Hit: The senator’s use of negatives surprised my students and me.