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GRAMMAR LIFTING September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
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by Ecleia Fernandes

 

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Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are mainly used in spoken English and informal texts. (The more formal a conversation or text, the less phrasal verbs are found.)

Phrasal verbs consist of a verb plus a particle (preposition, adverb). The particle can change the meaning of the verb completely, e.g.:

  • look up – consult a reference book (look a word up in a dictionary)
  • look for – seek (look for her ring)
  • look forward – anticipate with pleasure (look forward to meeting someone)

There are no rules that might explain how phrasal verbs are formed correctly – all you can do is look them up in a good dictionary and study their meanings. In our lists, you will find some frequently used phrasal verbs and their meanings.

Frequently Used Phrasal Verbs with:

Position of the Particle

The particle is placed either after the verb or after the object.

Example:

Write down the word. / Write the word down.

If the object is a pronoun, however, the particle has to be placed after the pronoun (object).

Example:

Write it down.

Exercises on Phrasal Verbs

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Complete the sentences.

  1. Put your shoes _____________- it’s too cold to walk around barefoot.
  2. You must get _____________now or you will be late for school.
  3. Sit _________________, please. I’ll be with you in a minute.
  4. Could you write this word ________________for me, please?
  5. Don’t give ________________singing. You are very talented.
  6. Where is the fitting room? I’d like to try _________________these trousers.
  7. Have you tidied ____________________the kitchen, yet?
  8. My little sister woke me __________________in the middle of the night.
  9. Don’t put the vase there, it will fall __________________.
  10. Adam switched _________________his torch, so we could find our way home in the dark.

ANSWER KEY

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  1. ON
  2. UP
  3. DOWN
  4. DOWN
  5. UP
  6. ON
  7. UP
  8. UP
  9. DOWN
  10. ON
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