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CULTURE CORNER September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
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by Priscila Raposo

 

THE SCOTLAND YARD

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Who are they?

New Scotland Yard or Scotland Yard, informally known as The Yard and NSY, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (excluding the City of London).

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Where does this name come from?

The name derives from the headquarters’ original location on Great Scotland Yard, a street of Whitehall. The exact origins of this name are unknown, though popular explanations include: that it had once been the site of a diplomatic mission owned by the Kings of Scotland prior to the Union of England and Scotland; that the street was owned by a man called Scott during the Middle Ages; or that stagecoaches bound to Scotland once departed from the street.[2]

Popular culture

In much popular fiction and cinema, the term New Scotland Yard is used incorrectly instead of Metropolitan Police to describe the police force in London. Occasionally, the term is even used (again incorrectly) to refer to all police in the United Kingdom.

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The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within Greater London, excluding the City of London due to that area falling under the responsibility of the City of London Police. The Metropolitan Police was the first such service established in Britain, and is seen as the forerunner to modern British police services.

It is commonly referred to as the Metropolitan Police and informally as “the Met” or sometimes “MP” or “MPS”; in statutes it is usually described in lower case as the “metropolitan police” without the appendage “Service”. The Met has also commonly been known as Scotland Yard after the location of its headquarters, now transferred to New Scotland Yard in Westminster, although administrative functions are increasingly based at the Empress State Building (ESB) and since the end of 2007 all command and control functions have been transferred to the three Metcall complexes.

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