jump to navigation

LETTER TO READERS September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

Dear readers,

Do you believe in bad-luck? Superstition, according to Longman Dictionary is ‘a belief that some objects or actions are lucky or unlucky, or that they cause events to happen, based on old ideas of magic’.

Sometimes we trip over obstacles in life that will make us fall and even get hurt. Better curse and cross your arms?

Have you tried to think positive in moments of pain and pitfalls?

clip_image001

When we think positive, we send micro thoughts into the universe that surounds us and, consequently, attract positive things that combine with our thoughts. The truth is that our thoughts (both conscious and unconscious) dictate the reality of our lives. Start thinking about changing attitude towards life:

  • Know what you wish and ask the universe for it.
  • Focus your thoughts upon the thing desired with great feeling such as enthusiasm or gratitude.
  • Feel and behave as if the object of your desire is already acquired.
  • Be open to receiving it.

Bear in mind that we are what we want to be. And go for it!

Universal Studies wish you all a good September!

                                                                                       Priscila Raposo

MEANINGFUL WORDS September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

clip_image002

‘Challenges are gifts that force us to search for a new center of gravity. Don’t fight them. Just find a different way to stand.’

Oprah Winfrey, O Magazine, October 2002
US actress & television talk show host (1954 – )

DATES IN SEPTEMBER September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

LABOR DAY

The first Monday of September

clip_image001 HLabor Day is a United States federal holiday observed on the first Monday in September. The holiday originated in 1882 as the Central Labor Union (of New York City) sought to create “a day off for the working man”.

Traditionally, Labor Day is celebrated by most Americans as the symbolic end of the summer.

 

 

 

 

 

UNCLE SAM DAY

The 13th of September

clip_image002Uncle Sam Day celebrates a symbol of America. Uncle Sam is certainly one of America’s most recognized symbols. Uncle Sam appears on everything from military posters to cartoon images to advertising media. He is perhaps, the most recognizable symbol in the world.

 

 

 

 

clip_image003
Neither Rain Nor Snow Day

The 7th of September

You may be thinking “this special day is about a tranquil weather day with neither rain nor snow”  ….WRONG.

Here’s the real scoop on this special day:

Neither Rain Nor Snow Day celebrates the opening of the New York Post Office building on this day in 1914.

This following inscription was inscribed on the building:

“Neither snow nor rain not heat nor gloom of night ,stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds.”

We hope you use Neither Rain Nor Snow Day to show your appreciation to your postal delivery people, especially those who walk their routes.

HAVE YOU HEARD OF THE NEWS? September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

 

Europe‘s biggest economies stop growing

clip_image002

BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) — Euro-zone growth braked sharply in the second quarter as major economies Germany, France and Italy shrank, EU statistics showed Thursday, with high fuel and food prices holding back consumer spending.clip_image003

Growth in the 15 economies that share the euro currency contracted by 0.2 percent from the first quarter, expanding just 1.5 percent from the same period a year ago, the EU statistical agency Eurostat said in a first estimate that it may change at a later date.

Germany, the region’s largest economy, shrank 0.5 percent in April-June from the previous quarter with France and Italy both down 0.3 percent.

German growth dropped for the first time in nearly four years. The world’s biggest exporter had so far weathered the economic storm brewing in Europe despite high inflation hitting spending at home and a slowing world economy and a strong euro hurting exports to the U.S.

No euro nation is yet officially in recession by showing two consecutive quarters of negative growth. Eurostat did not give a figure for Ireland, once a booming Celtic tiger economy, which contracted in the first quarter.

But worse seems yet to come. Business and consumer confidence in the euro area plunged to the lowest level in more than five years in July. The euro jobless rate also started to climb in April from an all-time low it reached in December.

 

 

Converting gas-powered cars to electric

clip_image002[4]

ATLANTA, Georgia (CNN) — Larry Horsley loves that he doesn’t buy much gas, even though he drives his ’95 Chevy S-10 back and forth to work each day.

clip_image003[6]Horsley, a self-described do-it-yourselfer, simply plugs his truck into an electric wall outlet in his Douglasville, Georgia, garage and charges it overnight, instead of buying gasoline refined from mostly imported oil.

“If I can keep a dollar from going overseas, I’ll spend two dollars,” he said. The whole conversion, including the truck, cost him about $12,000, which parts dealers say is about standard.

He’s among a growing number of Americans who are refusing to wait for big-car manufacturers to deliver mainstream electric vehicles, called EVs. Not only have they rebelled against the status quo by ripping out their gas-guzzling engines and replacing them with zero-emission electric motors, they say just about anyone can do it.

Another electric DYI-er in Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, Bob Batson, has formed a company called Electric Vehicles of America that sells vehicle parts for other anti-

Batson said business has more than tripled in the past year. “Sales trends are definitely up as the price of gasoline goes up,” he said.

www.cnn.com

CULTURE CORNER September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

 

clip_image002[4]

by Priscila Raposo

 

THE SCOTLAND YARD

clip_image002

Who are they?

New Scotland Yard or Scotland Yard, informally known as The Yard and NSY, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (excluding the City of London).

clip_image004

Where does this name come from?

The name derives from the headquarters’ original location on Great Scotland Yard, a street of Whitehall. The exact origins of this name are unknown, though popular explanations include: that it had once been the site of a diplomatic mission owned by the Kings of Scotland prior to the Union of England and Scotland; that the street was owned by a man called Scott during the Middle Ages; or that stagecoaches bound to Scotland once departed from the street.[2]

Popular culture

In much popular fiction and cinema, the term New Scotland Yard is used incorrectly instead of Metropolitan Police to describe the police force in London. Occasionally, the term is even used (again incorrectly) to refer to all police in the United Kingdom.

clip_image005

The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within Greater London, excluding the City of London due to that area falling under the responsibility of the City of London Police. The Metropolitan Police was the first such service established in Britain, and is seen as the forerunner to modern British police services.

It is commonly referred to as the Metropolitan Police and informally as “the Met” or sometimes “MP” or “MPS”; in statutes it is usually described in lower case as the “metropolitan police” without the appendage “Service”. The Met has also commonly been known as Scotland Yard after the location of its headquarters, now transferred to New Scotland Yard in Westminster, although administrative functions are increasingly based at the Empress State Building (ESB) and since the end of 2007 all command and control functions have been transferred to the three Metcall complexes.

GRAMMAR LIFTING September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

 

clip_image002

by Ecleia Fernandes

 

clip_image001[4]

 

Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are mainly used in spoken English and informal texts. (The more formal a conversation or text, the less phrasal verbs are found.)

Phrasal verbs consist of a verb plus a particle (preposition, adverb). The particle can change the meaning of the verb completely, e.g.:

  • look up – consult a reference book (look a word up in a dictionary)
  • look for – seek (look for her ring)
  • look forward – anticipate with pleasure (look forward to meeting someone)

There are no rules that might explain how phrasal verbs are formed correctly – all you can do is look them up in a good dictionary and study their meanings. In our lists, you will find some frequently used phrasal verbs and their meanings.

Frequently Used Phrasal Verbs with:

Position of the Particle

The particle is placed either after the verb or after the object.

Example:

Write down the word. / Write the word down.

If the object is a pronoun, however, the particle has to be placed after the pronoun (object).

Example:

Write it down.

Exercises on Phrasal Verbs

clip_image002

Complete the sentences.

  1. Put your shoes _____________- it’s too cold to walk around barefoot.
  2. You must get _____________now or you will be late for school.
  3. Sit _________________, please. I’ll be with you in a minute.
  4. Could you write this word ________________for me, please?
  5. Don’t give ________________singing. You are very talented.
  6. Where is the fitting room? I’d like to try _________________these trousers.
  7. Have you tidied ____________________the kitchen, yet?
  8. My little sister woke me __________________in the middle of the night.
  9. Don’t put the vase there, it will fall __________________.
  10. Adam switched _________________his torch, so we could find our way home in the dark.

ANSWER KEY

clip_image003

  1. ON
  2. UP
  3. DOWN
  4. DOWN
  5. UP
  6. ON
  7. UP
  8. UP
  9. DOWN
  10. ON

MUSICALICIOUS September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

clip_image002[4]

by Carla Nunes

 

The song of the month is The streets of London by The beatles…The reason why I decided posting this song is because I’ll be traveling to London this month J

I´ll miss you ALL but don’t worry….I’ll keep on writing my column from there. Hehehehe!

Hope you guys enjoy it! BEATLESSSSS!

clip_image001

clip_image002

The Streets Of London – The Beatles                                                        
Have you seen the old man in the closed down market,

kicking up the paper with worn out shoes ?

In his eyes you see no pride, and held loosely at his side,

Yesterday’s paper telling yesterday’s news.

Refrain:

So how can you tell me you’re lonely, and say, for you that the sun don’t shine?

Let me take you by the hand and lead you though the streets of London,

I’ll show you something to make you change your mind.

Have you seen the old girl who walks to the streets of London,

dirt in her hair and her clothes just in rags?

She’s no time for talking, she just keeps right on walking,

Carrying here home in two carrier bags

Refrain:

So how can you tell me you’re lonely, and say, for you that the sun don’t shine?

Let me take you by the hand and lead you though the streets of London,

I’ll show you something to make you change your mind.

In the all-night cafe at a quarter past eleven,

same old man sitting there on his own

Looking at the world over the rim of himtea-cup

Each tea lasts an hour, then he wanders home alone.

Refrain:

So how can you tell me you’re lonely, and say, for you that the sun don’t shine?

Let me take you by the hand and lead you though the streets of London,

I’ll show you something to make you change your mind.

Ruas de Londres – Beatles

Você já viu aquele ancião no mercado

Chutando papéis com os seus sapatos usados?

Seus olhos você não veria qualquer orgulho

Sinta-se bem à vontade ao seu lado

Os papéis de ontem contando as notícias de ontem

Refrão:

Então, como você pode-me dizer que está sozinho e dizer que o sol não brilhará para você?

Deixe-me tomar a sua mão e conduzi-lo através das ruas de Londres.

Eu te mostrarei algo que fará você mudar de opinião

Você tem visto aquela jovem maltratada que anda pelas ruas de Londres?

Seus cabelos são sujos e suas roupas são uns trapos

Ela não tem tempo para conversar, ela apenas segue o seu caminho.

Carregando o seu lar em duas sacolas de mão

Refrão :

Então, como você pode-me dizer que está sozinho e dizer que o sol não brilhará para você?

Deixe-me tomar a sua mão e conduzi-lo através das ruas de Londres.

Eu te mostrarei algo que fará você mudar de opinião

Você tem visto aquela jovem maltratada que anda pelas ruas de Londres?

Seus cabelos são sujos e suas roupas são uns trapos

Ela não tem tempo para conversar, ela apenas segue o seu caminho.

Carregando o seu lar em duas sacolas de mão

No bar 24h, às 23:15h

O mesmo velho cidadão ali se senta sozinho.

Olhando para o mundo pela borda da sua xícara de chá

Cada xícara dura uma hora, em seguida em vaga sozinho para casa.

Refrão

Então, como você pode-me dizer que está sozinho e dizer que o sol não brilhará para você?

Deixe-me tomar a sua mão e conduzi-lo através das ruas de Londres

Eu te mostrarei algo que fará você mudar de opinião

ENGLISH 4 FUN September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

clip_image002[4]

by Zeek

 

 

 

clip_image002

clip_image003The Perfect Son.
A: I have the perfect son. 
B: Does he smoke? 
A: No, he doesn’t. 
B: Does he drink whiskey? 
A: No, he doesn’t. 
B: Does he ever come home late? 
A: No, he doesn’t. 
B: I guess you really do have the perfect son. How old is he? 
A: He will be six months old next Wednesday. 

clip_image004Dancer

Girl: You would be a good dancer except for two things. 
Boy: What are the two things? 
Girl: Your feet. 

ESL clip_image005

A family of mice were surprised by a big cat. Father Mouse jumped and and said, “Bow-wow!” The cat ran away. “What was that, Father?” asked Baby Mouse. “Well, son, that’s why it’s important to learn a second language.”  

clip_image006Finger

A man goes to the doctor and says, “Doctor, wherever I touch, it hurts.” 
The doctor asks, “What do you mean?” 
The man says, “When I touch my shoulder, it really hurts. If I touch my knee – OUCH! When I touch my forehead, it really, really hurts.” 
The doctor says, “I know what’s wrong with you – you’ve broken your finger!” 

Lie clip_image007

Two boys were arguing when the teacher entered the room.

The teacher says, “Why are you arguing?”

One boy answers, “We found a ten dollor bill and decided to give it to whoever tells the biggest lie.”

“You should be ashamed of yourselves,” said the teacher, “When I was your age I didn’t even know what a lie was.”

The boys gave the ten dollars to the teacher.

clip_image009

clip_image010

clip_image011

IN THE KNOW September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

clip_image002[4]

by Denise Neves

 

CHINESE SHOW THEIR SMILE TO THE WORLD

We all know that China has a long, proud history with a rich cultural heritage, but few we know about Chinese people. They are trying to change that and since the Olympic Games is more than just a sporting event, but also an opportunity for countries around the world to gather to celebrate in the Olympic Movement, Chinese are working really hard to make sure that athletes and spectators will be moved by the “faster, higher, and stronger” spirit that come with competition, but will also be inspired by the peace, friendship, and unity of culture that will be a part of the Beijing Olympic Games. We are already impressed by the number of gold medals, aren’t we?

Did you know what the Olympic Rings stand for?

clip_image002

As an image of Olympism, Coubertin thought the rings had deep significance: that of the union between men. He multiplied the image to create a total of five rings. These five rings — blue, yellow, black, green and red — represent the five parts of the world now encompassed by Olympism and ready to compete against each other. Moreover, the six colors (including the white background) thus combined represent those of all nations, without exception. The blue and yellow of Sweden, the blue and white of Greece, the French, English, American, German, Belgian, Italian and Hungarian tricolors, the yellow and red of Spain are side by side with the new Brazilian and Australian flags, the old Japan and the new China. It is a true international emblem.”

LIFT YOUR SPIRIT September 8, 2008

Posted by priscilaraposo in Uncategorized.
add a comment

 

clip_image002[4]

By Miriam Magalhães

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 Health Benefits of a Good Night’s Sleep

clip_image002

In the past, sleep was often ignored by doctors and surrounded by myths, but now we are beginning to understand the importance of sleep to overall health and well-being.

In fact, when people get less than 6 or 7 hours of sleep each night, their risk for developing diseases begins to increase.

clip_image004

Below, you will find a list of benefits of sleeping.

1. Keeps Your Heart Healthy – Heart attacks and strokes are more common during the early morning hours. This fact may be explained by the way sleep interacts with the blood vessels. Lack of sleep has been associated with worsening of blood pressure and cholesterol, all risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Your heart will be healthier if you get between 7 and 9 hours of sleep each night.

2. May Prevent Cancer – People working the late shift have a higher risk for breast and colon cancer. Researchers believe this link is caused by differing levels of melatonin in people who are exposed to light at night. Light exposure reduces the level of melatonin, a hormone that both makes us sleepy and is thought to protect against cancer. Melatonin appears to suppress the growth of tumors. Be sure that your bedroom is dark to help your body produce the melatonin it needs.

3. Reduces Stress – When your body is sleep deficient, it goes into a state of stress. The body’s functions are put on high alert which causes an increase in blood pressure and a production of stress hormones. Higher blood pressure increases your risk for heart attacks and strokes. The stress hormones also, unfortunately, make it harder for you to sleep. Learn relaxation techniques to counter the effects of stress. There are also stress reduction techniques for sleep.

clip_image006

4. Reduces Inflammation The increase in stress hormones raises the level of inflammation in your body, also creating more risk for heart-related conditions, as well as cancer and diabetes. Inflammation is thought to one of the causes of the deterioration of your body as you age.

5. Makes You More Alert Of course, a good night’s sleep makes you feel energized and alert the next day. Being engaged and active not only feels great, it increases your chances for another good night’s sleep. When you wake up feeling refreshed, use that energy to get out into the daylight, do active things, and be engaged in your world. You’ll sleep better the next night and increase your daily energy level.

6. Bolsters Your Memory Researchers do not fully understand why we sleep and dream, but a process called memory consolidation occurs during sleep. While your body may be resting, your brain is busy processing your day, making connections between events, sensory input, feelings and memories. Your dreams and deep sleep are an important time for your brain to make memories and links. Getting more quality sleep will help you remember and process things better.

7. May Help You Lose Weight Researchers have also found that people who sleep less than seven hours per night are more likely to be overweight or obese. It is thought that the lack of sleep impacts the balance of hormones in the body that affect appetite. The hormones ghrelin and leptin, important for the regulation of appetite, have been found to be disrupted by lack of sleep. So if you are interested in controlling or losing weight, don’t forget to pay attention to getting a good night’s sleep.

clip_image008

8. Naps Make You Smarter Napping during the day is not only an effective and refreshing alternative to caffeine, it can also protect your health and make you more productive. A study of 24,000 Greek adults showed that people who napped several times a week had a lower risk for dying from heart disease. People who nap at work have much lower levels of stress. Napping also improves memory, cognitive function and mood.

9. Reduce Your Risk for Depression Sleep impacts many of the chemicals in your body, including serotonin. People with a deficiency in serotonin are more likely to suffer from depression. You can help to prevent depression by making sure you are getting the right amount of sleep, between 7 and 9 hours each night

10. Helps the Body Make Repairs Sleep is a time for your body to repair damage caused by stress, ultraviolet rays and other harmful exposures. Your cells produce more protein while you are sleeping. These protein molecules form the building blocks for cells, allowing them to repair damage.

For more information, see this video in the You Tube: http://br.youtube.com/watch?v=cl7YzcqDP0w&feature=email

And have a clip_image009